高一英语
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高一英语,高一资料,高中资料知识点,高一英语单元复习重要知识点分析1一、一般过去将来时1.概念:立足于过去某一时刻,从过去看将来,常用于宾语从句中。2.时间状语:Thenextday(morning,year…),thefollowin…

高一英语单元复习重要知识点分析1

一、一般过去将来时

1.概念:立足于过去某一时刻,从过去看将来,常用于宾语从句中。

2.时间状语:The next day (morning, year…),the following month(week…),etc.

3.基本结构:主语+was/were +going to + do+其它;主语+would/should + do+其它

4.否定形式:主语+was/were+not + going to + do; 主语+would/should + not + do.

5.一般疑问句:was或were放于句首;would/should 提到句首。

6.例句:He said he would go to Beijing the next day.他说他第二天要去北京。

I asked who was going there.我问,谁要去那里。

二、 现在进行时

1.概念:表示现阶段或说话时正在进行的动作及行为。

2.时间状语:Now, at this time, days, etc. look. listen

3.基本结构:主语+be +doing +其它

4.否定形式:主语+be +not +doing+其它

5.一般疑问句:把be动词放于句首。

6.例句:How are you feeling today?你今天感觉如何?

He is doing well in his lessons.在课上他表现得很好。

高一英语单元复习重要知识点分析2

一、present simple and present continuous 一般现在是和现在进行时

1,present simple: 反复进行的,经常性的动作(惯例习惯)

Eg, He watches soap operas.

及状态 I live in Budapest.

一般现在时常和下列时间状语连用:always, usually, from, time to time, twice a week, rarely, seldom, once a month, never.

2,现在进行时:说话时正在进行的动作(现在,此刻)

一定时间段内经常进行的动作

和现在进行时连用的时间状语有just, now, at the moment, at present.

二、future:arrangements and intentions 将来的安排和打算

1、be going to 表示打算要做的事情。

2、现在进行时表示已经确定或安排好事情。

Eg, I’m getting married in June.

3、一般现在是表示不可改变的官方活动或时间表

The summer term begins on the 15th of February.

三、past simple and past continues

1,psat simple :一般过去时,表示过去完成的动作或过去的情境和习惯。

Eg: She climb the stairs and went to her room.

用一般过去时要在规则动词词尾加-ed,或用不规则动词的过去式,一般过去式的疑问句和否定句用did 和didn’t 加动词原形。

2、past continuous过去进行时:过去某段时间正在进行的动作形成某些事件发生的情境动作。

Eg, It was raining during the whole match.

当过去进行时和一般过去时出现在同一个句子中时,过去进行时描述故事发生的背景,儿一般过去时则报道该事件。

Eg, We driving along a country lane when, suddenly a car drove past us.

Form: 过去进行时的结构是:主语+was /were +动词-ing形式。

Eg, The driver was sitting behind the wheel.

四、present perfect and past simple。现在完成时和一般过去式,现在完成时表示发生在过去的事情对现在依然有明显的影响

发生在过去的动作但是不知道动作发生的时间或对动作发生的确切时间不感兴趣。

现在完成时经常和下列时间状语连用:

Before, ever, never, already, and , yet. already 用于肯定句,yet 用于疑问句和否定句。

Venus and Serena have played each other before.(重要的事他们过去进行了比赛,但是何时比赛并不重要—现在完成时)

Venus and Serena have played each other in June 1999.( 我们知道此事发生的确切时间—一般过去时)

五、The passive 被动语态

在下列情况下使用被动语态:

1、不知道耶不需要知道谁做的这件事。

2、动作的执行者“显而易见”

3、动作本身比动作执行者更重要或不想指出谁做的这件事。

4、在书面语特别是在科技报告、报刊文章中被动语态比主动语态更正式。

Form:

Tense时态 form 形式 +past

一般现在时 am/is/are +past participle 过去分词

现在进行时 am/is/are being +pp

现在完成时 have/has been +pp

一般过去时 was/were +pp

过去进行时 was/were being +pp

六、have to/not have to, can/can’t, ought to/ought not to uses 用法:

have to 用来表示义务责任,You have to pass your test before you can drive.

Don’t have to 表达不必:We don’t have to wear uniforms at our school.

Can 用来表示允许或请求许可或者表示某事可能发生。

You can buy CDs at the market.

Can’t 表示禁止或不可能:You can’t go out tonight.

Ought to 表示应该做某事。You ought to visit your grandparents this weekend.

Ought not to 表示不应该做某事You ought not to walk alone at night.

Form 形式

can/can’t, have to/not have to 及ought to/ought not to 后用动词原形。

现在完成时,一般现在时,一般过去时

很多语言都有现在完成时态,因此常将它和一般现在时混淆,在英语中,用现在完成时描述发生在过去但对现在又影响的事件。如果涉及到过去某时间,则要用一般过去时。

如果过去事件的确切时间或日期不重要,也可以用现在完成时。

高一英语单元复习重要知识点分析3

一. 直接引语和间接引语

(一)直接引述别人的原话,叫做直接引语;用自己话转述别人的话,叫做间接引语。间接引语一般构成宾语从句。直接引语必须放在引号内,间接引语则不用引号。直接引语改为间接引语时,除将引语部分变成宾语从句外,还必须对直接引语中的人称、时态、指示代词、时间状语、地点状语等进行改变。

1. 时态的变化:直接引语变为间接引语时,通常受转述动词said, asked等的影响而使用过去化的时态,即把原来的时态向过去推,也就是一般现在时变为一般过去时,现在进行时变为过去进行时,等等。例如:

Tom said to me,“My brother is doing his homework.”

→Tom said to me that his brother was doing his homework.

2. 人称代词、指示代词、时间状语、地点状语等等的变化: 根据意义进行相应的变化,例如:

She asked Jack,“Where have you been?”

→She asked Jack where he had been.

He said,“These books are mine.”

→He said that those books were his.

(二)直接引语改为间接引语时,都使用陈述语序,但是因为原句的句式不同,所以变成间接引语时所用的连词会有所不同。直接引语如果是一般疑问句,用连接词whether或if;如果是特殊疑问句,则用疑问词引导间接引语。转述的动词一般用asked,可以在其后加上一个间接宾语me, him, her, us等。如:

She said,“Is your father at home?”

→She asked me if/whether my father was at home.

“What do you do every Sunday?”My friend asked me.

→My friend asked me what I did every Sunday.

直接引语如果是祈使句,改为间接引语时,要将祈使句的动词原形变为带to的不定式,并在不定式的前面根据原句的语气(即请求或命令)加上ask, tell, order等动词,如果祈使句为否定式,则在不定式前加not。其句型为:ask / tell / order someone (not) to do something. 例如:

She said to us,“Please sit down.”

→She asked us to sit down.

He said to him,“Go away!”

→He ordered him to go away.

He said, “Don’t make so much noise, boys.”

→He told the boys not to make so much noise.

二. 各种时态的被动语态

被动语态概述

被动语态的概念:它是动词的一种形式,表示主语与谓语之间的执行或被执行关系。主动语态表示主语是谓语动作的执行者,例如:They saw the little boy crying by the river. 被动语态表示主语是谓语动作的承受者,例如:The little boy was seen crying by the river.

被动语态的构成

被动语态的形式是由“助动词be+动词的过去分词”构成。助动词be随着主语的人称、数、时态等的不同而变化。几种常见时态的被动语态形式如下:

1. 一般现在时 am/is/are + 过去分词

例如:Rice is planted in the south of China.

2. 一般过去时 was/were + 过去分词

例如:These trees were planted the year before last.

3. 一般将来时 will/shall + be + 过去分词

例如:A sports meeting will be held next week in our school.

4. 现在进行时 am/is/are + being + 过去分词

例如:Your radio is being repaired now.

5. 过去进行时 was/were + being + 过去分词

When he got there, the problem was being discussed.

6. 现在完成时 have/has + been + 过去分词

His work has been finished.

Has his work been finished? Yes, it has. / No, it hasn’t.

7. 过去完成时 had + been + 过去分词

注意:

1.除了be之外的其它系动词如get, stay等也可以和过去分词构成被动语态。例如:Their questions haven’t got answered.

2. 含有情态动词的谓语变成被动语态使用“情态动词+ be + 过去分词”结构。例如:

More attention should be paid to the old in this country.

This work can’t be done until Mr. Black comes.

3. 含有“be going to”, “be to”等结构的谓语,其被动语态分别用“be going to + be + 过去分词”和“be to + be + 过去分词”。例如:

The problem is going to be discussed at the next meeting.

All these books are to be taken to the library.

4. 被动语态与系表结构的区别:“连系动词+用作表语的过去分词”构成的系表结构,与被动语态的形式完全一样,所以应注意它们的区别。被动语态中的过去分词是动词,多强调动作;系表结构中的过去分词相当于形容词,多强调状态。前者通常可用by 引出动作的执行者,而后者则不可以。例如:

The map was changed by someone.(被动结构)

That custom remained unchanged for many centuries.(系表结构)

系表结构中的过去分词通常可被very修饰,被动语态中的过去分词往往要用much修饰。

例如:

He was very excited.(系表结构)

He was much excited by her words.(被动结构)

5. 主动形式表被动意义。有些动词的主动形式有被动意味,如 open, read, sell, shut, wash, wear, write等。此时句子的主语一般是物。例如:

These books sell well. 这些书很畅销。

The door won’t shut. 这门关不上。

The clothes wash well. 这些衣服很好洗。


Tag: 高一英语 高一资料 高中资料知识点
节点 : 高一英语