高二英语
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英语,高中资料,高二,高二英语知识点,高二英语单元考试的知识点概括1什么是副词?指出句中的副词:1.Youarestandingnearthecamera..Canyoumovealittlefarther?alittle修饰副词“far…

高二英语单元考试的知识点概括1

什么是副词?

指出句中的副词:

1. You are standing near the camera.. Can you move a little farther? a little修饰副词“farther”表示程度 farther修饰动词“move”表示方式

2. Miss Long usually goes to school by bus. usually修饰动词goes,表示频度、频率

3. The two old passengers fell into the sea. Unfortunately, neither of them could swim. Unfortunately修饰整个句子

4. I won’t go with you. It’s much too hot today. much too修饰形容词,表示程度修饰形容词hot,修饰形容词

【高考副词主要考点】

主要题型:选择填空,完形填空,改错

考点内容:

1. 副词词义辨析

(10浙江) Do you think shopping online will ____________ take the place of shopping in stores?

A.especially B.Frequently C.merely D.finally

解析:especially 特别,尤其;frequently经常;merely仅仅;finally最终

根据语境:你认为网上购物最终会替代商场购物吗?

(10湖北) I wasn’t blaming anyone; I ___________ said errors like this could be avoided.

A. merely B. mostly C. rarely D. nearly

解析:mostly 大部分地,通常地;nearly 几乎=almost;rarely 很少地,几乎不;merely 仅仅,只不过

全句意思:我并没有责怪任何人,我只是说类似这种错误是可以避免的” 说类似这种错误是可以避免的”。

2. 副词短语与习惯用语辨析

(09全国) It’s high time you had your hair cut; it’s getting .

A. too much long B. much too long C. long too much D. too long much

【解析】too much+不可数名词 much too+形

(09天津) It was a nice house, but _______ too small for a family of five.

A. rarely B. fairly C. rather D. pretty

【解析】rather too 稍微,一点

全句意思:这房子不错,但对于五口之家还是稍微小了点。

(2011全国)It is one thing to enjoy listening to good music, but it is______another to play it well yourself.

A. quite B. very C. rather D. much

【解析】quite another 另一回事

全句意思:喜欢听好音乐是一回事,但是自己演奏的好又是另一回事。

3. 某些副词的位置

(10辽宁)We only had $100 and that was _______ to buy a new computer.

A.nowhere near enough B.near enough nowhere C.enough near nowhere D.near nowhere enough

【辨析】enough做副词时,修饰形容词或副词时应该放在被修饰词的后面adj/adv+enough nowhere near是固定短语,意思是“差得远;远不及” ,相当于一个形容词。

高二英语单元考试的知识点概括2

【一般过去时】

1. 一般过去时的定义

一般过去时表示过去某一时候或某一段时间所发生了的事情或存在的状态。常与过去时间yesterday, this morning, just now, a moment ago, in May, last night / year / week, once upon a time, the other day, before …, when – clause, in the past连用。如:

What did you do yesterday? 昨天你干了什么?

I met Lin Tao this morning. 今天上午我会到了林涛。

I was there a moment ago. 刚才我在那儿。

2. 一般过去时的应用

(1) 表示过去某时所发生的动作或存在的状态。如:

Liu Ying was in America last year. 刘英去年在美国。

Jim rang you just now. 吉姆刚才给你打了电话。

(2) 表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。常接时间副词often, usually, always, sometimes, every day / week, etc. 如:

We often went out for a walk after supper. 我们过去常在晚饭后散步。

We usually played together. 我们通常一起玩。

3. 一般过去时对谓语动词的要求

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一般过去时的谓语动词要用动词的过去式。动词过去式的构成分规则变化和不规则变化两种形式,不规则变化通常需要逐个记忆,规则变化则遵循以下原则:

(1) 一般在动词后加-ed。如:play—played, offer—offered, weigh—weighed, destroy— destroyed, sign—signed.

(2) 在以字母e结尾的动词后,只加-d。如:like—liked, provide—provided, hate — hated, date—dated。

(3) 在以“辅音字母+y”结尾的动词后,则改y为i,再加—ed。如:supply—supplied, fly—flied, study— studied.

(4) 在以单短元音的重读闭音节结尾且,末尾只有一个辅音字母的动词后,双写最后一个辅音字母,再加-ed。如:plan—planned, refer—referred, regret—regretted, ban—banned.

4. 特别说明

有些动词的过去时,如:expect, hope, intend, plan, wanted 等一般过去时,后接不定式的完成时;或它们的过去完成时接不定式的一般式,都可表示过去未曾实现的意图、打算或希望。如:

I hoped to have been invited to his wedding party. —I had hoped to be invited to his wedding ceremony. 我本希望他来邀请我参加他的婚礼。

I intended to have joined their games. —I had intended to join their games. 我本打算参加他们的比赛。

【现在完成进行时】

1. 现在完成进行时的定义

现在完成进行时表示某动作从过去某个时间开始,一直延续到现在,并且还有可能持续下去。如:

We have been waiting for him for two hours. 我们等他等了两个小时。

2. 现在完成进行时的结构

现在完成进行时由“have /has been + 现在分词”构成。

3. 现在完成进行时的应用

现在完成进行时所用的时间状语:this month / week / year, these days, recently / lately, in the past few + 时间段, since +时间点, for + 时间段。如:

They have been building the bridge for two month. 两个月来他们一直在修桥。

They have been planting trees this month. 这个月来他们一直在植树。

4. 现在完成进行时与现在完成时的区别

(1) 现在完成时强调动作的完成,而现在完成进行时强调动作的延续,因此,表示动作的完成,只能用现在完成时,而不能用现在完成进行时。如:

He has changed his idea. 他改变了想法。

(2) 在表示动作的延续时,虽然既可用现在完成时,也可用现在完成进行时,但现在完成进行时强调动作的进行。因此在需要明确表示动作还要持续下去时,应用现在完成进行时。如:

We have been studying here for two years. 我们在这儿已经学习了两年了。

(3) 有些延续性动词(如 keep, learn, live, stay, study, work等),用于现在完成时或现在完成进行时的区别不大。如:

I have lived here for many years.=I have been living here for many years. 我在这儿住了多年了。

高二英语单元考试的知识点概括3

1. go to the pictures去看电影(美);go to the movies 去看电影(英)   2. list the countries that use english as an official language 列举把英语用作官方语言的国家   3. the road to ?通向??之路   4. at the end of在??末端,在??尽头,by the end最后(=finally)   5. because of 因为?? (注意和because 的区别)   many beautiful fish are fast disappearing because of the severe pollution.因为污染严重,许多美丽的鱼类正在面临绝种。   an argument was inevitable because they disliked each other so much.   争论是不可避免的,因为他们彼此非常厌恶。   6. native english speakers 以英语作为母语的人   7. even if (= even thoug)即使,用来引导一个让步状语从句,后面既可用陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气,但是even if/even though,引导的从句中不用将来时。如:even though/if it rains tomorrow, we will leave for beijing.   8. come up 走上前来,走近,发生,出现 come up with 追上,赶上,提出   9. actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate with each other.事实上,当不同文化相互交流渗透时,所有的语言都会有所发展、有所变化。   10. be different from? 与……不同   be different in ? 在??不同   most of my projects will be wildly different in performance from one night to the next. 我多数作品每天晚上的演奏风格都各不相同。   as we know, britain english is a little different from american english.中所周知,英国英语和美国英语有点不同。   11. be based on 以??为基础the relationship between our two countries is based upon mutual respect. 两个国家的关系以相互尊重为基础。this book is based on a true story that happened in the 1930s. 这本书以发生在20世纪三十年代的真实故事为基础。 the reporter asked the writer who he based his character on. 记者问作家他作品的人物是以谁为原型的。   12. at present 目前,眼下be present at 在席;出席present sth to sb / present sb with sth把??推荐,呈现??for the present眼前;暂时present oneself 出席;到场   13. make (great/ good/better/full)use of   we have a lot of work to do, so we have to make good use of time.我们有很多工作要做,所以要好好利用时间。   14. the latter gave a separate identity to amerian english speaking. 后者体现了美国英语的不同特色。   15. for example, india has a very large number of fluent english speakers because britain ruled india from 1765 to 1947. 比如说, 印度拥有众多讲英语流利的人,这是应为英国于1765到1947年统治过印度。(a small number of friends came to help him when he was in trouble)   16. such as 例如   for example in this paragraph there are many nouns, such as boy, girl, and book. 这一段里面有很多名词,例如男孩、女孩和书本。many great men have risen from poverty---lincoln, for example. 许多伟人从贫困中崛起,例如林肯。you can take your research work for example. 你可以拿你的研究工作做个例子。   17. today, the number of people learning english in china is increasing rapidly. 目前在中学习英语的人数正在迅速增长。   18. the largest number of 大多数的   china has the largest number of people.中国有着世界上最多的人。   19. it is not easy for a chinese person to speak english as fluently as a native speaker. 中国人说英语很难像以英语为母语的人说英语那么流利。   20. one reason is that english has a large vocabulary. 一个原因是英语有很大的词汇量。


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节点 : 高二英语