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1. put forward 提出

2. conclude 结束,结论

3. draw a conclusion 得出结论

4. defeat 打败

5. attend 照顾,护理,出席

6. expose to 使显露

7. cure 治愈,治疗

8. challenge 挑战

9. suspect 怀疑,被怀疑者

10. blame 责备

11. handle 柄,把手,处理,掌控

12. link 联系,连接

13. link to 将…和…连接

14. announce 宣布

15. contribute 捐献,贡献

16. apart from 除了

17. be strict with 对…严格

18. make sense 讲的通,有意义

19. spin 使旋转

20. reject 拒绝,抛弃


1. What do you know about infectious diseases?


2. John Snow was a famous doctor in London – so expert, indeed, that he attended Queen Victoria as her personal physician.


3. But he became inspired when he thought about helping ordinary people exposed to cholera.


4. Neither its cause, nor its cure was understood.


5. He knew that cholera would never be controlled until its cause was found.


6. The second suggested that people absorbed this disease into their bodies with their meals.


7. John Snow suspected that the second theory was correct but he needed evidence.


8. It seemed that the water was to blame.


9. He immediately told the astonished people in Broad Street to remove the handle from the pump so that it could not be used.


10. In another part of London, he found supporting evidence from two other deaths that were linked to the Broad Street outbreak.




一. 过去分词作表语


1. 过去分词做表语与被动语态的差异:

The store is now closed.(系表)

The library is usually closed at 8:00 p.m. (被动)

2. 某些过去分词作表语,多半用来表示人物所处的心理状态或情感变化, 其主语主要是人。

这类过去分词通常为下列过去分词: delighted, devoted, discouraged , astonished, frightened, excited, inspired, encouraged, interested, contented, pleased, puzzled, satisfied, tired, worried, ect .

二. 过去分词作定语


1. 过去分词用作定语,如果是单个的,置于其所修饰的名词之前。

We must adapt our thinking to the changed conditions.


2. 过去分词短语用作定语时,置于其所修饰的名词之后,其意义相当于一个定语从句,但较从句简洁,多用于书面语中。

The concert given by their friends was a success.


3. 过去分词短语有时也可用作非限制性定语,前后常有逗号。

The meeting,attended by over five thousand people,welcomed the great hero.


Unit2 The United Kingdom


1. consist 组成,在于,一致

2. consist of 由…组成

3. divide…into 把…分成

4. break away from 脱离

5. to one’s credit 在…的名下,为…带来荣誉

6. attract 吸引,引起注意

7. leave out 省去,遗漏,不考虑

8. plus 加上,和,正的

9. take the place of 代替

10. break down 损坏,破坏

11. arrange 安排

12. fold 折叠,对折

13. delight 快乐,高兴,喜悦


1. How many countries does the UK consist of?


2. You can easily clarify this question if you study British history.


3. Happily this was accomplished without conflict when King James of Scotland became King of England and Wales as well.


4. However, the southern part of Ireland was unwilling and broke away to form its own government.


5. To their credit the four countries do work together in some areas.


6. England is the largest of the four countries, and for convenience it is divided roughly into three zones.


7. You must keep your eyes open if you are going to make your trip to the United Kingdom enjoyable and worthwhile.


8. Worried about the time available, Zhang Pingyu had made a list of the sites she wanted to see in London.


9. It looked splendid when first built.


10. What interested her most was the longitude line.



1.be good to对……友好be good for对……有益;be bad to…/be bad for…

2.add up加起来 增加

add up to合计,总计



4.get sth/sb done使……完成/使某人被……

5.calm down平静下来

6.be concerned about关心,关注

7.当while,when,before,after 等引导的时间状语从句中的主语与主句的主语一致时,可将从句中的主语和be动词省去。

While walking the dog,you were careless and it got loose.

8.cheat in the exam考试作弊

9.go through经历;度过;获准,通过

10.hide away躲藏;隐藏

11.set down写下,记下

12.I wonder if…我不知道是不是…

12.on purpose故意

13.sth happen to sb某人发生某事

sb happen to do sth某人碰巧做某事

it so happened that……正巧 碰巧

14.It is the first(second…)that…(从句谓语动词用现在完成时)

15.in one’s power处于……的控制之中

16.It’s no pleasure doing…做…没有乐趣

It’s no good/use doing sth.做某事是没好处/没用的

17.She found it difficult to settle and calm down in the hiding place.it做形式宾语

18.suffer from患…病;遭受


20.get tired of…对…感到劳累 疲惫

21.have some trouble with sb/sth.在……上遇到了麻烦

22.get along with sb/sth.与某人相处

23.ask(sb)for advice.(向某人)征求建议


make sb.do sth.让(使)某人做某事

make sb./sth.+adj.使某人/物…

make sb./oneself+v-ed 让某人/自己被…

When you speak,you should make yourself understood.

make sb.+n.使某人成为…

25.alone /lonely.单独的/孤独的

26.I would be grateful if…委婉客气提出请求

27.Why not do…=why don’t you do…



如:常用词组有: at noon, at night

表示时间的 at, in, on:表示片刻的时间,at 8 o’clock,at midnight, at the end of, at that time, at the beginning of, at the age of, at Christmas, at New Year 等。

in 表示一段的时间

如:in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening, in October, in 1998, in summer, in the past, in the future 等。

on 总是跟日子有关,on Monday, on Christmas morning, on the following, on May Day, on a warm morning 等。

2、表示时间的 since 和 from:since 表示从过去到现在的一段时间的过程,常与现在完成时连用:from 表示从时间的某一点开始,不涉及与现在的关系。一般多与现在时、过去时、将来时连用。

如:I hope to do morning exercises from today./ We have not seen each other since 1995.

3、表示时间的 in 和 after:两者都表示“在(某个时间)之后,区别在于in表示“在(一段时间)之后” ,而 after 则表示“在(某一具体时间点之后),in 短语和将来时态连用,after 短语和过去时态或将来时态连用。

如:We’ll be back in three days.

After seven the rain began to fall.

What shall we do after graduation?

After two months he returned. 注意:after 有时也可以表示在一段时间之后(常用在过去时里)

4、表示地理位置的 in, on, to:in 表示在某范围内,on 指与什么毗邻,to 指在某环境范围之外

如:Changchun is in the northeast of China./ Mongolia is on the north of China./ Japan is tothe east of China.

5、表示“在……上”的 on 和 in:on 只表示在某物的表面上,而用 in 表示占去某物一部分,表示……上。

如:There is a book on the piece of paper./ There is an interesting article in the newspaper./ He dug a hole in the wall.

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节点 : 高二英语